CNWCOA - Legal Legacy

​Subsequent cases citing the Merrifield v. Lockyer decision in support of
​their own legal arguments.


  • Nordyke v. King 
    o. 07 – 15763 [DC# CV 99-4389-MJJ
    After 13 years in federal court, plaintiffs permitted to hold gun shows provided all guns a secured with a cable.

  • Otis McDonald et al. v. City of Chicago
    No. 08-1521
    ​Supreme Court affirmed one’s right to keep and bear arms in the home for self-protection 


  • Obergefell v. Hodges
    14-556, 14-562, 14-571, 14-574
    Challenged state law limiting marriage to members of opposite sex

  • Golinski v. U. S. Office of Personnel Management
    Challenged the constitutionality of DOMA to gain health care coverage for spouse 

  • Sevcik v. Sandoval
    Coalition of eight plaintiffs fought Nevada law denying them the Freedom To Marry

  • County of Santa Cruz, et al. v. Burwell, Sect. Health and Human Services 
    Cert. Pet., 9th Circuit Ct.
    Challenged for the right to marry the person of one’s own choice

  • Betty Dukes, et al. v. Wal-Mart, Inc.
    Nos. 04-16688 and 04-16720
    Class action employment discrimination against women by WalMart alleged by present and former employees

  • Manley v. Texas Southern School of Law
    Case 4:14-cv-02749
    Plaintiff sued to have rejection of his law school application overturned

  • Independent Training & Apprenticeship Program v. CA Dept. of Indust. Rel.
    Claimed that the State’s actions were inconsistent with the federal Fitzgerald Act


  • Saint Joseph's Abbey v. Castille
    No. 11–30756
    Monks sued for the right to sell caskets without being required to first obtain Funeral Director’s license

  • Stol v. Minnesota Morticians Commission
    State struck down law requiring Stol to have an embalming room in his low-cost funeral home
  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark v. Christopher Christie et al.
    Case 3:15-cv-05647-MAS-LHG
    The right to sell headstones for people to be buried in church cemeteries


  • Billings Yellow Cab,  CON application
    DOCKET NO. T-12.2.PCN, ORDER NO. 7222
    Challenged Montana’s “Certificate of Necessity” law for the taxicab industry

  • Pabst & Big Sky Shuttle v. Fox
    Challenged Montana’s “Certificate of Necessity” law for the taxicab industry

  • Wilson-Perlman v. Mackay
    Challenged Nevada’s “Competitor’s Veto Law” to expand their limo business

  • Sanfelippo Cabs, Inc. et al. v City of Milwaukee
    Case 2:14-cv-01036-LA
    Challenged unfair regulation of Milwaukee’s taxicabs

  • Flytenow Inc..v. Federal Aviation Administration
    USCA Case #14-1168 Document #1530249
    ​​Challenged government’s prohibition of a cost-sharing flight program


  • Brantley v. Kuntz
    Challenged the constitutionality of a Texas law requiring a cosmetology license for hair braiders

  • Clayton v. Steinagle - 
    885 F. Supp. 2d 1212
    Defeated Utah’s law requiring licensure for African Hair Braiding

  • Hettinga v. United States of America
    Dairyman challenged the constitutionality of the dairy industry's regulatory milk distribution program.


  • Sensational Smiles v. Connecticut Dental Board
    14‐1381‐cv & No. 15-507 Cert. Pet. SCOTUS, 2015
    Petitioning Supreme Court to reverse adverse decision from 2nd Cir. Ct. that plaintiff does not need dental license to shine halogen light onto client’s teeth

  • North Carolina Dental Bd. v. Federal Trade Commission
    No. 13-534
    Challenging application of the Parker Immunity in the Commerce Clause

  • Battle v. Collins Case
    1:1Case 1:14-cv-03824-LMM4-cv-03824-LMM
    Georgia Teeth Whiteners “Mobile Whites” sued the state to provide teeth whitening services without first being a licensed dentist
  • Fowler Packing company V. Lanier, CA Sect. of Labor et al.                                                                                                                           16-16236 P.C. No. 1:16-cv-00106 DAD-SAB
  • Burris & Gohl v. Arkansas Board of Dental Examiners
    3:1-cv-00057-DCR-EBA Doc #: 53-1
    An Orthodontist sued the state to continue offering low cost teeth cleaning services that are deemed to lay outside of his​professional specialty


  • Underwood v. Nevada
    Case: 13-16313Auto
    Challenged Nevada’s Certificate of Need program as unconstitutional

  • Sweet, dba (2 Brothers Moving & Delivery), v. Kroger
    Lawsuit caused Oregon to rescind protectionist law in moving industry

  • Munie v. Skouby, et al
    4:10CV01096 AGF, 2011 WL 839608 (E.D. Mo. Mar. 7, 2011)
    Challenged Missouri’s anti-competitive Certificate of Need and Competitor’s Veto Laws.

  • Bruner v. Zawacki
    Challenged Kentucky’s “Competitor’s Veto Law” in the moving industry
  • Losco v. Powelson
    ​Challenged the constitutionality of Pennsylvania’s Competitor’s Veto Law
  • Vogt v. Ferrell                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2:16-cv-04492                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Challenge West Virginia Certificate of Need and Interstate Commerce Dormant Clause


  • Women's Surgical Center v. Reese
    Sued the state of Georgia’s CON law as being unconstitutional

  • Colon Health Centers of America v. Health and Human Resources 
    No. 12-2272
    Challenging Virginia’s Certificate of Need program for Health Care providers

  • Planned Parenthood v. Abbott
    No. 13-51008
    Challenged Texas’ approved statutes regulating required hospital admitting privileges and FDA approved medicinal abortions

  • Women's Surgical Center v. Reese
    ​Challenged Georgia’s “Certificate of Need” (“CON”) law


  • PETA v. North Carolina Dept. of Wildlife Resources 
    Challenging the legality of the state’s annual “Possum Drop”

  • Vong v. Aune (fish pedicure Cert. Pet. SCOTUS)
    135 S. Ct. 1845 (2015)
    Challenging state law requiring licensure to use small fish in pedicure process

  • Mayfair House Inc. v. The City of West Hollywood California
    ​CV 13-7112-GHK (RZx)
    Lawsuit challenging City’s prohibition on retail fur sales


  • National Conference of Personal Managers, Inc. v. Brown et al.
    Case No. 13-55545
    The National Conference of Personal Managers (NCOPM) has petitioned the Court to declare the Talent Agencies Act
    (TAA)unconstitutional and to stop its enforcement                                                                                                                                             
  • State of Hawaii v. Donald J. Trump (amici curiae)                                                                                                                                                  Case No. 17-15589
    Muslim Travel Ban                                                                                                                                                                                                             
  • Castillo v. Ingram, et al.
    Private Investigator challenged for the right to conduct commerce over state lines
  • Kansas City Premier Apts. V. Missouri Real Estate Commission
    First Amendment, Free Speech challenge to a Missouri real estate law                                                                                                       
  • Exxon Shipping Valdez v. Baker490 F3d 1066490 F3d 1066   07-21                                                                                                                 Exxon seeking reduction/elimination of punitive damage award granted by 9th Circuit Court

  • United States of America v. PICKARD, et al
    No. 2:11-cr-449-KJM
    A case that challenges the constitutionality of the federal government’s Schedule I classification for marijuana.

  • Young v. Ricketts et al.
    No. 4:10CV3147, 2015 WL 401314 (D. Neb. Jan
    Leslie Young argues that posting information provided to her by home sellers in a database that feeds information to websites is legal and that she is not practicing real estate

  • Kleinsmith v. Mark L. Shurtleff, Attorney General, State of Utah
    Philip M. Kleinsmith resides in Colorado but is licensed to practice law in Utah. A specialist in non-judicial foreclosures, he challenges the constitutionality of a Utah statute that requires all attorneys who act as trustees of real-property trust deeds in Utah to maintain a place within the state to meet with trustors for certain enumerated purposes related to foreclosures

  • Patterson v. City of Bellmead, TX
    No. 10-12-00357-CV
    The Pattersons’ brought this action to challenge the constitutionality of Section 3-40 of the municipal code of the City of Bellmead which establishes a limit on the number of dogs and/or cats a resident may have on its property 

  • Brown et al. v. Hovatter, et al
    No. 09-231 Pet. For Cert. SCOTUS
    Challenged the applicability of the dormant commerce clause and Pike Test 

  • Tesla Motors v. New Jersey Motor Vehicles Commission
    04-35182, 04-35183   DOCKET NO. A-3213-13T2
    Challenged for the right to sell Tesla automobiles in Tesla’s own stores and not require sales be limited to dealerships when Tesla has none.

  • Gypsum Resources v. Masto